What patients and caregivers need to know about Cardiology, Coronavirus, and COVID-19

Services Details

Apollo Heart Institute Expertise

Gastroenterology and GI Surgery

    Rahmania Institute of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery has a state-of-the-art Endoscopy Centre, fully equipped to offer comprehensive diagnostic and therapeutic endoscopy service.

Medical Gastroenterology

A dedicated team of gastroenterologists is available round the clock to treat patients with upper or lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Rahmania Institute of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery provides gastroenteritis treatment for the patients suffering from the following conditions:

Jaundice – obstructive jaundice, viral hepatitis and biliary stone disease

It is not an illness but a medical condition which can occur in babies, children and adults. Jaundice most often occurs as a result of an underlying disorder that either causes tissues to become over-saturated with bilirubin or prevents the liver from disposing of bilirubin. In new born babies, though, jaundice is common because they have extra red blood cells that begin to break down soon after they are born. In otherwise healthy new-borns, jaundice usually peaks at about three to five days of life and then begins to go away on its own. In breastfed babies, this can take as long as two to three weeks. Jaundice during the first 24 hours of life is not considered normal and will prompt to do some tests to look for the cause.

In adults, the symptoms of jaundice may indicate damage to the liver. If the cause is not treated, it can lead to liver failure.


Ulcers: Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your oesophagus, stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is abdominal pain.

Pepticulcers include

Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach

Oesophageal ulcers that occur inside the hollow tube (oesophagus) that carries food from your throat to your stomach

Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum)

Chronic liver disease (Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C), cirrhosis, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, ascites

Chronic liver disease (Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C), cirrhosis, portal hypertension, variceal bleeding, ascites

These are diseases that are caused due to continued degeneration and progressive destruction of the liver. Such aspects can develop into Cirrhosis and fibrosis.

GI Bleeding (haematemesis / melena / fresh blood per rectum)

Gastrointestinal bleeding or haemorrhage is caused due to haemorrhage in the gastrointestinal tract or rectum. If left untreated the same can manifest into serious secondary medical conditions. The degrees of bleeding can range from minimal to acute and chronic.

Abdominal pain

  • Dyspepsia (gas, bloating of abdomen, distension of abdomen)
  • Gastro oesophageal reflux disease (acidity, heartburn, vomiting)
  • Loss of appetite/weight loss
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (chronic diarrhoea, mucus in stools, loose bowel movements/constipation)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease e.g. ulcerative colitis/Crohn’s disease.
  • Elevated SGOT, SGPT (could be due to chronic Hepatitis B or C, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease)
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Pancreatitis (Acute/Chronic)
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Celiac disease


  • Cancers of the oesophagus
  • Corrosive injuries/ strictures of oesophagus
  • Oesophageal perforations
  • Peristaltic Disorders of oesophagus (Achalasia cardia)


  • Carcinoma of the stomach
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumours of stomach
  • Complicated duodenal ulcer disease

Hepatobiliary& Pancreas

  • Liver tumours (Primary/ secondaries)
  • Hydatid cysts, liver /spleen/any other organ (intra-abdominal)
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Carcinoma of gall bladder
  • Complicated gallstone disease (Cholecysto/Choledochal duodenal Fistula)
  • Choledochal cysts
  • Biliary stricture/ biliary fistulae
  • Carcinoma of the head of pancreas
  • Surgery in Acute pancreatitis (Necrotizing pancreatitis)
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Cystic tumours of pancreas
  • Surgery for Portal hypertension
  • Surgical obstructive jaundice

Small Intestine

  • Small bowel tumours
  • Crohn’s disease

Colon, Rectum & Anal canal

  • Colonic cancers
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Rectal carcinoma
  • Anal canal cancers
  • Colonic polyposis